Osteoarthritis refers to the abnormal degeneration of the joint cartilage, exceeding the ability of repair from the body, resulting in inflammation (“itis” means inflammation in latin). Osteoarthritis can affect all the joints in the body and the knee joints are the most commonly affected joint in our part of the world, contributed largely to our genes and our lifestyles.
Symptoms include pain (especially during climbing down stairs), stiffness, deformity (bowed legged or knock knees) and loss of function (unable to bend fully, unable to straighten fully and unable to squat down). And once the knees became deformed, the abnormal posture of the knee will lead to accelerated damage of the joint cartilage, leading to further deformity and hence entering a vicious cycle of further destruction and deformity, resulting in intractable pain and severe loss of function of the knee joint. Please make a visit to an orthopedic in Singapore if you are suffering from these symptoms.